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 Early settlement attempts

Thus saith the Lord:

 "refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears; for thy work shall be rewarded saith the Lord; and they shall come back from the lands of the enemy. And there is hope for thy future saith the Lord; and thy children shall return to their own border”     (Jeremiah XXXI: 15-16)

 Three times the Jews ascended Mount Hebron in recent times. A stony, arid, hostile, stormy and snowy mountain greeted them.Three times they were uprooted from the land and retured for a fourth time. This parallels the history of the Jewish people in its homeland; three times the Jews went up to the land of Israel, contended with its host of limitations, they were uprooted from it but returned and clung to it on the fourth occasion.

 Those are the three Early settlement attempts: 

Migdal Eder 5787-5789, 1927-1929 


In the year 5687 (1927) a group of Haredi (Ultra-Orthodox) Jews from Jerusalem established a community called “Migdal-Eder after the verse “And Israel journeyed and spread his tent beyond Migdal-Eder” (Genesis XXXV: 20)

 Mr. Yitzhak Greenwald – a scholar and a man of vision -was the originator of the plan and the dominant figure in the Zikhron-David company that founded the community.  Amongst the Jewish settlers were immigrants from Yemen, imbued with a fierce popular belief in the redemption of the Jewish people in its own land, and with devotion to settling the land.  This welcome private enterprise led to the establishment of a pioneering community, but the official “settlement institutions” did not look kindly upon an attempt to establish a community by private initiative and the community was beset with difficulties and privations.

Migdal Eder

  For two years the settlers developed an agricultural community that would be based on fruit trees and dairy farming.  In the year 5689 (1929), during the bloody disturbances that led to the destruction of the Jewish community of Hebron, “Migdal-Eder” was destroyed.  The last residents, who remained isolated, were compelled to flee for their lives.  Arabs from the neighboring Arab village of Beit Umar, rescued them from the rioters and helped them get to Jerusalem safely.


The Migdal Eder Gallery

To the next chapter: Holtzman and “El HaHar”

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